Luxury Tile and Plank
Instructions and Maintenance guide
I. GENERAL INFORMATION
This information sheet
provides general guidelines for the installation of Novalis Luxury Tile and
Plank (LTP). All recommendations are
based on the most recent available information. Please follow these instructions and recommendations for a
satisfactory installation of Novalis Luxury Vinyl Tile and Plank.
The floor covering, adhesive,
and room temperature must be kept at a minimum temperature of 70°F or warmer
for at least 48 hours before, during, and 48 hours after installation. Install
Novalis LTP only after the jobsite has been cleaned and cleared of other trade
apparatus that may damage a finished tile installation. Always check the
cartons to assure the pattern number is correct and that the shade and lot
numbers are the same on all cartons. To minimize shade variation, mix and
install tiles from several different cartons.
All subfloor / underlayment patching must be done with a non-shrinking
water resistant Portland cement patching compound. Never install Novalis LTP over residual asphalt-type (cut back)
adhesive. It can bleed through the new floor covering. Residual asphalt type
adhesive must be covered with underlayment plywood. Novalis LTP is to be
adhered with Novalis LTP Adhesive.
Novalis LTP is manufactured
to high quality standards and is carefully inspected prior to leaving our
facility. Occasionally, however, defects are not detected. If you notice a
visible defect with the tiles you are installing, stop the installation and
contact your local distributor for assistance.
II. SUBFLOOR INFORMATION
Careful and correct
preparation of the subfloor is a major part of a satisfactory floor covering
installation. Roughness or unevenness
of the subfloor will telegraph through the new floor covering, resulting in an unsightly
surface and excessive wear on high spots. Proper subfloor preparation and
suitable underlayment installation are essential for a trouble-free job.
A. Wood Subfloors
- GENERAL: All
wood floors must be suspended at least 18” above the ground. Adequate
cross-ventilation must be provided and the ground surface of a crawl space
must be covered with a suitable vapor barrier. Wood subfloors directly on
concrete or installed over sleeper construction are not satisfactory for
the installation of Novalis LTP.
Wood subfloors must be covered with a minimum 1/4” or
heavier underlayment rated panel to assure a successful finished flooring
- UNDERLAYMENT: Many times wood panel subfloors are damaged during the
construction process or are not of underlayment grade. These panels must
be covered with an approved underlayment. Underlayment panels are intended
to be used to provide a smooth surface on which to adhere the finished
floor covering. It must be understood that underlayment panels cannot
correct structural deficiencies. Particleboard, chipboard, construction
grade plywood, any hardboard and flakeboard are not recommended as
underlayment. All have inadequate uniformity, poor dimensional stability,
and variable surface porosity. Novalis will not accept responsibility for
adhered installation over these subfloors. In all cases, the underlayment manufacturer or underlayment
installer is responsible for all underlayment warranties.
- UNDERLAYMENT REQUIREMENTS Panels
intended to be used as underlayment should be specifically designed for
this purpose. These panels should have a minimum thickness of 1/4”. Any
panels selected as an underlayment must meet the following criteria:
Be dimensionally stable
Have a smooth, fully sanded face so the graining or texturing will not show
Be resistant to both static and impact indentation
Be free of any surface components that may cause staining such as plastic
fillers, marking inks, sealers, etc.
Be of uniform density, porosity and thickness
Have a written warranty for suitability and performance from the panel
manufacturer or have a history of proven performance
- UNDERLAYMENT INSTALLATION Underlayment panels must be laid with the face
grain running across the joists. Panels should not be forced together, but
lightly butted and installed with end joints offset at least 16”. Place
underlayment panels so that joints do not line up with subfloor joints or
fall directly under where a seam in the floor covering will be
located. Fastening of each panel
should start at one corner and work diagonally across the face of the
panel. Fasteners throughout the field area of the panel should be
staggered no more than 6” apart. Fasteners around the perimeter should be
no more than 4” apart and 3/8” in from the edge of the panel. Appropriate
fasteners should be used, and must be flush or set slightly below the
surface of the underlayment. Any
unevenness at joints between panels must be sanded to a level surface.
Gaps between panels, hammer indentations, and all other surface irregularities
must be patched a latex underlayment compound. Some types of nails, such as common steel nails, cement
coated or some resin or rosin coated nails, may cause a discoloration of
the vinyl floor covering. Use only non-staining fasteners with underlayment
panels. The procedure of gluing and screwing underlayment panels is not
recommended. Solvent-based construction adhesives are known to stain vinyl
floor coverings. All
responsibility for discoloration problems caused by fastener staining or
the use of construction adhesive rests with the underlayment installer.
B. Concrete Subfloors
Concrete subfloors must be
dry, smooth, and free from dust, solvent, paint, wax, grease, oil, asphalt
sealing compounds and other extraneous materials. The surface must be hard and
dense, and free from powder or flaking.
New concrete slabs must be thoroughly dry (at least six weeks) and
completely cured. Curing agents, surface hardeners and other additives may
cause adhesive bonding failure. These should be removed by sanding or
grinding. All concrete slabs must be
checked for moisture and alkalinity before installing material. The final
responsibility for determining if the concrete is dry enough for installation
of the flooring lies with the floor covering installer.
Novalis LTP must never be
installed where moisture emissions may exist. Moisture emission from subfloor
cannot exceed 5 lbs. per 1,000 sq. ft. per 24 hours as measured with the
calcium chloride test. Novalis will not assume responsibility for floor
covering failure due to hydrostatic pressure or moisture vapor emission. Holes,
grooves, expansion joints and other depressions must be filled with a latex
underlayment compound, and toweled smooth and feathered even with the
surrounding surface. Concrete floors
with a radiant heating system are not satisfactory.
C. Existing Resilient Floor Coverings
To achieve maximum product
performance, Novalis LTP should not be installed over existing resilient floor
coverings. In the rare cases where removal of the existing resilient floor
covering is not an option, the existing flooring must be covered a latex
underlayment compound or an embossing leveler compound.
Do not sand, dry scrape, bead
blast or mechanically pulverize existing resilient flooring, backing or lining
felt. These products may contain asbestos fibers that are not readily
identifiable. Using the above non-recommended procedures on asbestos-containing
material can create asbestos dust. The inhalation of asbestos dust may cause asbestos
or other serious bodily harm. Smoking greatly increases the risk of serious
A. Adhesive Application
Only Novalis LTP adhesive is
required for adhering Novalis LTP to all approved substrates. Apply the
adhesive with a 1/16” wide, 1/16” deep, 1/16” apart square notched trowel.
Begin applying adhesive at the intersection of the chalk lines, spread either
one quadrant or one half of the work area depending on the size of the room.
Wet Set (All Planks): Apply Novalis LTP Adhesive with specified trowel in a
thin, uniform, and even coat. Each section must be no larger than an area that
can easily be covered with flooring in approximately 20 minutes. Allow a few
minutes open time for adhesive to tack up, then install tiles immediately while
adhesive is still wet, before it skins over or dries. Adhesive working time is
approximately 20 minutes under normal conditions (70 degrees F, 40% humidity).
Position tile firmly in adhesive without sliding; and periodically check to assure
at least 90% of the adhesive pattern has been transferred to the back of the
Dry Set (All Tiles): Apply Novalis LPT Adhesive with specified trowel in a
thin, uniform, and even coat. Allow adhesive to dry until it changes color, and
will not transfer to finger when touched. When dry, adhesive is extremely
tacky. Lay tile into dry adhesive positioning carefully because it will be
difficult to slide the tile.
Tile and Plank: Roll
each section immediately upon completing with a 100 pound three section roller.
Re-roll the entire floor after one or two hours
B. Tile Installation
After the Novalis LPT
adhesive has had sufficient open time, begin laying the tile at the
intersection of the working lines. Be certain this tile is installed squarely
on the lines. After the first tile is in place, begin laying tiles outward
along both guide lines. Press tiles firmly against adjoining tiles and press
into the adhesive. Begin stair-stepping the tiles into the field area. Maintain
the squareness of the installation by keeping tiles along guide lines. Lay all
tiles in the same direction, all directional arrows pointing in the same
C. Cutting and Fitting Border Tiles
Novalis LTP can be cut with a
large tile cutter or by using the score and snap technique. Direct or pattern
scribe the tiles to fit into complicated, irregular walls or pipes, etc.
D. Finishing the Job
- Novalis LTP must be rolled with a minimum 100
pound three-section floor roller immediately after installation. Roll the
flooring in both directions to firmly seat the tile into the adhesive. .
If you do not have access to a roller, then use a rolling pin and your
- Do not wash or treat the floor for a minimum of
48 hours after installation. Cover
all exposed edges. Use wood molding or vinyl cove base along all walls,
cabinet toe kicks, etc. Use transition strips in doorways or where new
flooring joins another floor covering. Caulk along tubs, toilet bowls,
- Remove any excess adhesive immediately with soapy
water. Dried adhesive should be
removed with a non-flammable cleaner or solvent. Dried adhesive may be difficult to remove, there take care
to remove adhesive from the surface of the tile before it dries.
- Do not wash the floor for 48 hours after installation.
After 48 hours, damp mop to remove residual
IV. CARE AND MAINTENANCE
A. PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE
- Use protective mats in front of any doors leading
to the outside. This helps to prevent sand and grit from getting on to
your vinyl floors. Gritty sand is any floor covering's worst enemy. Also,
if you installed the tile in your kitchen, you should place a throw rug in
front of the sink area to catch spills and splashes.
- Install proper floor protectors on furniture legs
used on vinyl flooring. Protectors will allow chairs to move easily over
the floor without scuffing or scratching. Clean the protectors on a
regular basis to remove any grit that may have become embedded. Do not wax
the bottom of furniture legs.
- To keep your floor looking it's best, dust mop or
vacuum your floor at least twice per week. Do it more often on floors with
heavy traffic. Do not use a household dust treatment chemical of any kind
as this may cause the floor to become slick or dull the finish. Simply
sweep the floor as needed.
- Do not pour pails of water on your floor to
clean. Excessive water can cause damage to your subfloor and your floor
will only be as good as the subfloor. If Novalis LTP itself is highly
- Do not allow pets with unclipped nails to walk on
the vinyl floor. It could cause severe scratching to the surface.
B. REGULAR MAINTENANCE
- Food spills should be cleaned up as rapidly as
possible with an all-purpose type liquid cleaner that is not abrasive. We
do not recommend powdered cleaners, oil soaps, dish washing detergents, or
other dusting products.
- Shoe marks and scuffs can be removed by using a
spot application of multi purpose cleaner and a non-abrasive scrubbing
- Regular household dirt can be cleaned with warm
soapy water, or a multi purpose cleaner. Some hand wiping may be required
to remove tough spots and spills. Always sweep or vacuum your vinyl floor
before cleaning in order to remove loose dirt or particles
- DO NOT WAX YOUR Novalis LTP Floor. The surface of your vinyl floor, which is very
dense and non-porous, prevents wax from penetrating and thus will build up
and create a bed for yellowing and dirt collection.
- If your floor has been exposed to excessive
water, for example by accident or flooding, remove the water as soon as
possible by moping and ventilate the room. A dehumidifier should be
promptly turned on in the room to reduce the moisture level to normal. Do
not dry the room below the normal moisture level that existed previously.
- If accidental deep scratches appear on the floor,
then it might be necessary to replace such tiles. You should always retain
some excess tiles for replacement purpose. First mark the tiles that
require replacement. Then score the tiles diagonally with a utility knife
but make sure you do not injure any adjoining tiles. Point a hair dryer
about 4 inches from the center of the tile for about 45 seconds, or until
hot to the touch, and then pry up the tile starting from the middle. If
the tile continues to be difficult to remove then apply more heat until it
is pliable and the adhesive releases. If the subfloor surface is still
smooth, then apply the new tile; if the surface is rough or uneven, then
smooth it with a floor patching or leveling compound, and re-apply
adhesive before installing replacement tiles.
- If any edges of an individual tile should release
from the subfloor, it usually can be corrected by applying warm air from a
hair dryer for 30 to 60 seconds from a distance of about 6 inches. Then
step on the edges and remain there for a few more seconds until the
re-adhesion takes place. If this procedure is not successful, then the
problem may be the result of some foreign particles on subfloor, which
need to be removed pursuant to No 6 above.
C. CAUTIONS AND MISCELLANEOUS
- Furniture should be moved onto the newly
installed floor using an appliance hand truck over hardboard runways.
- Do not place heavy items on newly installed floor
covering for at least 24 hours after completion of the installation. Heavy
furniture should be equipped with suitable non-staining, wide-bearing
- Floor covering subjected to excessive heat and
light exposure is subject to thermal degradation. Use appropriate
precautions to minimize potential affects on the floor covering.
- Oil or petroleum-based products can result in
surface staining. Do not track asphalt driveway sealer or automobile oil
drips onto the vinyl floor covering.
- Use non-staining walk-off mats. Rubber can
discolor resilient floor coverings.